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RECIPE: Chickpea (Garbanzo) Succotash

To viewers of Looney Toons cartoons, “Sufferin’ succotash!” was a phrase uttered often by Sylvester the Cat, when annoyed or surprised.

Why Sylvester suffering at the thought of eating succotash? Perhaps he didn’t like lima beans? We hereby ask Warner Brothers to weigh in.

Lima beans are a love-‘em-or-hate ‘em food. We have a solution for the haters—and for those who love the squishy beans: Replace the limas with al dente chickpeas.

Chickpeas (garbanzo beans) are not just for hummus. Substitute them for the lima beans and enjoy seasonal succotash.
 
 
THE HISTORY OF SUCCOTASH

The word succotash comes from the Narragansett sohquttahhash, meaning broken corn kernels. The corn was mixed with lima beans or other shell beans, and was a staple food.

Succotash was introduced to the Pilgrims by the Native Americans. The word in the Narraganset language* is msíckquatash. The Narragansett, an Algonquian Native American tribe from present-day Rhode Island, also gave us the words quahog, moose, papoose, powwow and squash.

Lima beans originated in the Andes and Mesoamerica; the larger variety in the Andes around 2000 B.C.E., and the smaller variety in Mesoamerica around 800 C.E. By around 1300, cultivation had spread north of the Rio Grande, and in the 1500s, explores and conquistadors brought the beans back to Europe, where Old World cultivation began.

Corn was first cultivated in the area of Mexico around 5000 B.C.E., bred from wild grasses. The plant then spread throughout North and South America.

Combining a grain with a legume creates a dish that contains all essential amino acids, and both ingredients could be dried and stored. Thus succotash was important nutrition for Native Americans, for the Pilgrims and for other European emigrés to the New World. Succotash became a traditional dish for Thanksgiving celebrations in New England and elsewhere [source].

In some parts of the South, any mixture of vegetables prepared with lima beans and topped with lard or butter is called succotash. The two basic ingredients can be enhanced with bell peppers and tomatoes—both New World foods—and carrots (from the Old World).

 


[1] Substitute chickpeas for lima beans. Photo by Laura McConnell | Skillet Street Foods

Dried Chickpeas

[2] You can buy and reconstitute dried chickpeas for better flavor. Or use canned chickpeas—preferably low sodium (photo courtesy Rancho Gordo).

 
Because of the relatively inexpensive ingredients, succotash was also a staple during the Great Depression: sometimes cooked in a casserole form, sometimes as a pot pie.

While most people think of succotash as corn kernels and lima beans, the original recipe used any shelled beans.
 
 
RECIPE: SUCCOTASH

This recipe is more complex and flavorful than garden-variety succotash that consists of only corn and limas.

Ingredients

  • 1/4 cup olive oil
  • 3 tablespoons unsalted butter
  • 2 cloves garlic, finely chopped
  • 1 medium onion, cut into 1/4-inch dice
  • 2 medium red bell peppers, seeded, deveined, and cut into 1/4-inch dice
  • 2 medium zucchini, seeded and cut into 1/4-inch dice
  • 2 10-ounce packages frozen lima beans or beans of choice, rinsed under warm running water and drained
  • 3 cups fresh or frozen corn kernels (4 ears)
  • Salt and freshly ground pepper to taste
  • 1 tablespoon coarsely chopped fresh sage
  • 1 tablespoon picked fresh thyme leaves
  •  
    Preparation

    1. COMBINE the oil and butter over medium-high heat in a large skillet; heat. Add the garlic and onion; cook until translucent, about 4 minutes. Add the bell peppers, zucchini, lima beans, and corn.

    2. SEASON with salt and pepper. Cook, stirring occasionally, until vegetables are tender, about 10 minutes. Stir in the herbs and serve.

      




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