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Espresso Type
What espresso type is your favorite? Cappuccino is espresso with crema, a cap of foam. Photo by Pesky Monkey | IST.
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October 2006
Last Updated April 2012

Product Reviews / Main Nibbles / Coffee

What’s Your Favorite Espresso Type?

Page 3: Espresso Glossary A To C

 

Discover The Different Types Of Espresso Drinks
& Other Espresso Terms

 

This is Page 3 of a four-part article. Click on the black links below to read the other parts. You can find general coffee terms in our Coffee Glossary.

 

Espresso Glossary

After you’ve had your fill of espresso, take a look at our other food glossaries—an easy way to get up to speed on more than fifty different food categories.

Click on a letter to go to the appropriate glossary section:

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z

This glossary is protected by copyright and cannot be reproduced in whole or part.
You are welcome to link to it.

 

AFFOGATO
Espresso served over ice cream, traditionally vanilla. When served over chocolate ice cream, it is sometimes called an affogato mocha. Affogato means “drowned” in Italian.

BARISTA
The Italian term for bartender, also used, for the person who operates the espresso brewing equipment (or makes other coffee drinks) at a café or coffeehouse.

BLACK EYE
A cup of American coffee with two shots of espresso. Also known as Slingblade. See also red eye.

 
Affogato: a dessert that combines cappuccino and ice cream. Photo courtesy Talenti Gelato.

CAFÈ
The French word for coffee and a coffee shop.

CAFÈ CREMÉ
Popular in Switzerland and becoming more so in the U.S., café crème is brewed in a similar manner to normal espresso but at a faster pace and for a larger portion. Classic espresso brews about 1 to 1.5 ounces in 28 seconds, while café crème brews 5 ounces or more in 28 to 30 seconds. This is achieved by moving the grind fineness dial to the coarsest setting, to allow for more flow-through into the cup.

CAFÉ AU LAIT

A coffee drink made with brewed in a ratio of 1:1 milk to coffee with sugar added to taste.

 
Cafe au lait, a French-style latte made with French roast coffee instead of espresso. Photo by Takeaway | Wikimedia.

CAFFE
The Italian word for coffee. In Italy, as in much of Europe, ordering un caffe means an espresso. In France, the term café is used as well, but the French cup of coffee is slightly larger and the coffee is usually a dark roast instead of an espresso. Caffe americano is also available (see below).

CAFFE AMERICANO
A shot of espresso with 6 to 8 ounces of hot water added. The result approximates regular American coffee. Originally devised as an insult to Americans who wanted their espresso diluted.

  Coffee
A good old cup of Joe is un caffe in Italian. Photo courtesy SXC.

CAFFE BREVE
Steamed half-and-half poured over espresso. Essentially, a cappuccino  made with half-and-half. Very rich, and also very difficult to foam (the lower the fat content, the easier milk is to foam).

 

CAFFE LATTE
A shot of espresso with steamed milk in a 3:1 ratio of milk to espresso. In France and Italy, this is a breakfast drink. that is based on espresso (or moka coffee) combined with steamed milk. In America it also serves as the basis for flavored lattes, where a sweet syrup is added in any variety of flavors, including mocha, hazelnut and vanilla.

 
Latte is comfort food. Photo courtesy Miele.

CAFFE MACCHIATO
An espresso served in an espresso cup with a small dollop of steamed milk added to the top. Most Italians add a teaspoon of sugar. In Italy, this is a mid-morning drink.  Macchiato means “marked” in Italian.

 

CAFFE MOCHA
Traditionally, steamed chocolate milk poured over espresso although more cafés use chocolate syrup because the sugar in chocolate milk tends to crystallize on the steaming wand, making cleanup a chore. Some establishments top the beverage with whipped cream.

 
A macchiato—without the classic “dot” that marks it. Photo by Travis Walker | SXC.

 

CAFÉ TOBIO
Two shots of espresso with an equal amount of American coffee.

CAPPUCCINO
Two shots of espresso topped with steamed and foamed milk, in equal thirds. It is named for the cap of foam on the top, which somewhat resembles the hooded robe of the Roman Catholic Capuchin friars. It can be topped with ground cinnamon or other spices, or with ground chocolate or sweetened cocoa powder.

CHIARO
Italian for “light.” A milk drink may be prepared chiaro by adding more milk, or scuro (dark) by adding less. Pure steamed milk is a popular late-night drink in Italy, flavored with almond syrup or a dusting of chocolate.

  Cappuccino
This glass cup and stainless steel saucer is the Veneziano from BodumUSA.com. It makes cappuccino—or any type of coffee or tea—look even more elegant.

CODA DI TOPO
Italian for “mouse tail.” The shape and pour of the streams of espresso as they leave the spouts of the espresso machine. Often used as a judging characteristic of a good pour.

COFFEE BED or COFFEE PACK
The tamped volume of grinds in the filter basket. If your espresso is too weak, the coffee bed may be improperly tamped.

CORETTO
An espresso with some sort of liquor added. Corretto is Italian for “corrected.”

CREMA
A dense, foamy “cap” on the top of an espresso created by the dispersion of air and carbon dioxide in the liquid at a high pressure. The crema contains emulsified oils, and forms a caramel or dark golden brown layer resembling foam on top of an espresso shot. Some machines are enhanced to produce crema.

  Crema

Even though the espresso is half-drunk, the foamy crema cap remains. Photo courtesy SXC.

CUBANO
Sugar is added to the espresso grounds during brewing for a sweet taste. The sugar also can be stirred into a small amount of espresso after brewing, and then mixed with the rest of the shot.

Continue To Part IV: Espresso Glossary Terms D To Z

Return To Article Index Above

Recipes © copyright their respective owners. Additional material © Copyright 2005- 2014 Lifestyle Direct, Inc. All rights reserved.

 



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