Beef Cut - PorterhouseA favorite beef cut among connoisseurs: a dry-aged Porterhouse steak. Photo courtesy of






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June 2005
Last Updated April 2024

Product Reviews / Main Nibbles / Beef

Beef Cut Types

Beef Glossary Page 2:  C, D, E

On this page you’ll find beef cut types such as Certified Angus Beef®, chipped beef (often called chip beef), dry-aged beef and When looking up a beef cut, it’s helpful to refer to the beef cut diagram, courtesy of the National Cattleman’s Beef Association. If you enjoy this Beef Glossary, check out our food glossary collection with almost every category of food.

Beef Cuts
Click on a letter to go to the appropriate glossary section.

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Another term for fried bull testicles or prairie oysters. In particular, calf fries are taken from very young animals.


Not a cut of meat but a preparation, first popularized in Sydney, Australia around 1950. It consists of an end cut of rib-eye steak (known as scotch fillet steak in Australia), served standing up like an old-fashioned carpetbag (or a miniature mountain). Small cuts make pockets in the meat, into Sydney rock oysters are stuffed and secured with toothpicks. The whole may be wrapped in a strip of bacon, and it’s often served with roasted new potatoes.


Generally refers to steaks cut from the heart of the rib-eye. A very flavorful, juicy, tender cut.



Certified Angus Beef is a trademarked brand that licenses the trademark to ranchers who are approved by the licensor. The brand promises the consumer consistently flavorful, juicy, and tender cuts. Less than 8% of beef is Certified Angus Beef. It is the best-known brand; more than 50% of all beef approved through USDA brand certification (i.e., branded beef) is Certified Angus Beef. See also Angus cattle.

  Certified Angus Beef
Photo courtesy Certified Angus Beef.


Chateaubriand is not a cut of meat but a recipe using the tenderloin. It was created by the personal chef, Montmireil, of Vicomte François-René de Chateaubriand (1768-1848). The Vicomte was a French author, considered to be the founder of Romanticism in French literature. He also was a soldier and statesman who served Napoleon as an ambassador, and King Louis XVIII as Secretary of State. According to Larousse Gastronomique, during the time of the Vicomte, the steak was cut from the chewy but tasty sirloin and served with a white wine and shallot sauce that included demi-glace, butter, tarragon, and lemon juice.

Chateaubriand from Montana Legend available at

Montmireil instead chose the very tender (although less flavorful) tenderloin. The meat was cut from the thickest part of the tenderloin which provides just two portions (all of the tenderloin can be cut into filet mignon). It was grilled “larded,” with a strip of bacon or lard around it to keep it moist, and served medium rare (never well done); the bacon was discarded. Modern chefs have learned to quickly sear the roast and then finish it in a hot oven until rare or medium-rare. Today Béarnaise sauce or red wine and mushroom sauce is served. The accompanying château potatoes, which were cut into the shape of large olives, parboiled, and cooked in butter can easily be replaced with roasted new potatoes. Serve Chateaubriand with Bernaise sauce, or an easy red wine and mushroom sauce.



A fast-food sandwich invented by a Philadelphia hot-dog stand owner in 1930, the cheese steak consists of thin, grilled slices of steak topped with melted cheese on a hoagie roll. Today Cheez-Whiz is the topping of choice because it melts the quickest, although white American cheese and provolone are considered authentic (Cheez-Whiz was not invented until 1952).

  Cheese Steak
A cheese steak. Photo courtesy Dietz & Watson.



A preparation of steak, that’s to the desired level and then quickly charred. The diner orders it by asking for the style followed by the level of doneness, e.g. “Chicago-style rare.” In some areas, it is also referred to as Pittsburgh-style steak.



A Southern specialty, chicken-fried steak is the American version of Wiener Schnitzel*, but instead of a tenderized veal cutlet, a tenderized cut of beef (a cube steak) is coated with seasoned flour and pan-fried. It gets its name from its resemblance to fried chicken. In a redundant and ironic twist, the dish called “chicken fried chicken” pounds, breads, and pan-fries a chicken cutlet. This preparation is distinctively different from regular fried chicken, which breads bone-in chicken parts and deep-fries them.

Wiener Schnitzel. Photo by Kobako | Wikimedia.


*Wiener Schnitzel means Viennese scallops, referring to the scallops of veal, another word for thin cutlet. Wiener Schnitzel is the national dish of Austria.



Chipped beef, erroneously referred to as chip beef, is dried smoked beef similar to Italian bresaola, which is more flavorful because it is aged; the “chips” refer to the slivers in which it is packaged. Creamed chipped beef on toast was standard diner fare in the first half of the century. The recipe sauce rehydrates the dried beef and mixes it in a white sauce flavored with parsley and pepper. toasted bread. Hormel recommends flavoring the dish with Worcestershire sauce and dried parsley




There are more than a half dozen cuts from the shoulder (the area between the neck and the shoulder blade) including arm steak, blade steak, chuck steak, chuck eye steak, mock tender steak, seven bone steak, shoulder steak, and under bone steak. All of them have excellent flavor, but they are usually tougher than cuts from the loin, sirloin, or rib sections, and are thus less expensive. These multi-muscled steaks are best cooked by braising. Ground chuck has the best percentage of meat to fat for hamburgers. The blade steak is one of the most tender of all steaks after a line of tough connective tissue down the middle is removed. It has a great flavor and is inexpensive compared to steaks from the loin, sirloin, and rib. The rest of the steaks from the chuck all have good flavor and texture, but they can be quite fibrous. They can be bone-in or boneless, cut thick or thin, and can be broiled or roasted successfully, especially if marinated or tenderized. However, the best way to cook chuck steaks is to braise them by searing them on both sides, adding a small amount of liquid (seasoned broth or wine), covering them tightly, and simmering until tender.



A full-flavored roast, rectangular in shape, popular for a classic pot roast. Best for slow-cooking in the crock pot, braising, or in stews. It also can be stir-fried.


An extremely well-marbled, full-bodied, and robust steak. The typical chuck steak is a rectangular cut, cut about one inch thick, with parts of the shoulder bones, and is known as a “7-bone steak.” This is a reference to the shape of the bone, which resembles the numeral 7. From a good producer, this can be a very satisfying cut.

Chuck roast. Photo courtesy



Don’t trust the name; this cut is not tender! It is a flavorful cut, however, from the shoulder clod. It needs to be marinated or braised before broiling, grilling, or pan-searing. Alternate names include chuck clod tender, chuck fillet steak, chuck mock tender steak, and Scotch tender.


A herd of farm animals that is 100% born and raised on the farm. No animals are ever brought in from the outside. This ensures the health of the herd; outside animals can bring in infections, viruses, and diseases including “mad cow” and hoof and mouth disease. Maintaining a closed herd is especially important to an organic herd, since animals cannot be treated with antibiotics, and an animal requiring such care must be removed from the herd.


Although really a strip steak, the term “club steak” refers specifically to the last steak from the rib end of the loin. It has the flavor and texture of a strip steak. It is cut from the short loin, next to the rib end; it is smaller than a Porterhouse steak but with the same large “eye” section. When cut properly, it is a tender steak.



The tissue between and within muscles helps bind muscles together and attaches muscle to bone for support.



A cowboy steak, called côte de bœuf in French, is a bone-in rib eye steak with a frenched rib bone. This “raw bone” feature and the fact that this cut is generally around two pounds of meat, makes it big enough for the hungriest cowboy—or enable two people to share. It’s sometimes called a cowboy chop because it looks like an enormous chop.


  Cowboy Steak
Cowboy steak. Photo courtesy


Corning refers to curing or pickling the meat in a seasoned brine. The word refers to the “corns” or grains of kosher (or other coarse) salt that are mixed with water to make the brine. Typically, brisket is used to make corned beef. The dish has many regional variations and seasonings. Historical note: Irish immigrants adapted corned beef from their Jewish neighbors on New York’s Lower East Side as a cheaper alternative to Irish bacon, precipitating the now-traditional Irish-American dish, corned beef and cabbage. Smoking corned beef, and adding extra spices, produces pastrami.

  Corned Beef
Corned beef with carrots and cabbage. Photo courtesy Guinness.



Cattle that eat a diet of corn. In addition to being unhealthy for the animal, it creates fattier meat than the leaner, grass-fed beef.


See cowboy steak, above.


See chicken fried steak.



A flavorful cut of beef, generally from the top or bottom round. It is tenderized (cubed) by pounding it with a mallet or running it through a tenderizing machine—cubing is a process, not a cut. Either technique makes a cube-shaped pattern in the meat. Cube steak would be too tough to eat without being tenderized. It is the cut generally used for Salisbury steak and chicken fried steak, where it is coated and pan-fried, almost as if it were a piece of fried chicken. It is also a popular cut for steak sandwiches and cheesesteaks. See also minute steak. While mankind has used different grinding, pounding, and scoring techniques to tenderize tough meat, cube/cubed steak seems to have appeared in the 1920s. There is a reference to the Cube Steak Machine Company of Boston, which patented a cubing device in 1926.

  Cube Steak
These beautiful cube steaks are available from the ninth-generation Dillingham Family Farms.

The company advertised in Good Housekeeping magazine: “Cubing improves the flavor in any cut of meat...triples the cooking surface and reduces the time required for cooking.” (Source:



A small, boneless steak, the sirloin cap steak is a flat, triangular-shaped muscle that lies immediately over the top sirloin. Culotte steaks are flavorful but lean, with less marbling than a New York strip steak or a Porterhouse. Thus, they are a bit tougher than other sirloin steaks, requiring marinating prior to cooking. It can be cooked whole, cut into cubes for kabobs and stews, or cut into strips for stir-fries or steak sandwiches.



See rib-eye steak.



Dry-aged beef is fresh beef that’s been hung to dry (or set on wooden racks) in an aging room for several weeks under controlled temperatures, humidity, and airflow to reduce spoilage and enhance flavor and tenderness. It is compared to aged wine: The flavors have deepened and mellowed. Only the more expensive cuts of meat can be dry-aged, as the process requires meat with a large, evenly distributed fat content. In the process, the meat may lose up to 25% of its weight in liquid, which is part of concentrating the flavor. Dry aging also makes the meat a darker color, with an aged aroma.

  Dry Aged Stip Steak
Dry-aged strip steak. Photo courtesy


Some connoisseurs prefer dry-aged beef because this concentration results in a more intensely flavored (if smaller) piece of meat. In addition to the loss of liquid, changes occur in the meat itself. Natural enzymes in the meat break down the fibers, enhancing the taste with a delicious nutty flavor and tender texture. During dry-aging, steaks are kept on racks in a special room with temperature, humidity, and air circulation carefully controlled at near-freezing temperatures. That’s why dry-aged beef is more rare and more costly than fresh-packed beef and is generally available only at specialty butcher shops and fine restaurants. See also wet-aged beef, also known as vacuum-aged beef.



The most tender cuts—rib steak, strip steak, sirloin, chuck, or round steaks—can be cooked quickly by dry heat—broiled, grilled, pan-fried, or roasted.



The French word for what Americans call the rib-eye steak. Pronounced on-truh-COAT, the word means “between the ribs”—specifically the ninth through 11th ribs. A lean, tender cut of meat, the entrecôte is best grilled or broiled, served rare or medium rare.

  Entrecote Steak

The entrecôte, or rib-eye steak. Photo courtesy


The leanest of all roasts and the most tender of roasts from the round, you can see from the photo at the right that there is virtually no exterior fat. Just season and roast this cut for 20 minutes per pound at 300°F. It also does well cooked in warm moist heat such as a crock pot.


Continue To The Next Page, Terms With
F, G & H

Go To The Glossary’s Alphabet Index, Above



  Eye Of Round Roast

Eye of round roast. Photo courtesy


Lifestyle Direct, Inc. Some definitions were provided by the Cattlemen's Beef Board and are © Copyright 2005 Cattlemen’s Beef Board. All rights reserved. Images are the copyright of their respective owners.

© Copyright 2005-2024 Lifestyle Direct, Inc. All rights reserved. All images are copyrighted to their respective owners.