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Date Nut Bread

If you don’t have time to bake it, date nut bread is hard to find ready-made. You can buy it at VermontCountryStore.com.
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August 2008
Last Updated January 2013

Product Reviews / Main Nibbles / Breadstuffs

Bread Type: A Guide To The Many Types Of Bread

Page 4: Glossary Of Bread Types ~ D To F

 

Looking for a particular bread type? This is page 4 of a 9-page glossary of the many different bread types. In this section you’ll find breads such as dosa, focaccia and ficelle. Click on the links below to visit other pages. You can also return to the overview and the history of bread or select from many more food glossaries.

Click on a letter to go to the appropriate glossary section:

a  b  c  d  e  f  g  h  i  j  k  l  m  n  o  p  q  r  s  t  u  v  w  x  y  z

This glossary is protected by copyright and cannot be reproduced in whole or part.
You are welcome to link to it.

 

DATE NUT BREAD
A quick bread made with chopped dates and either walnuts or pecans, plus butter, an egg and baking soda. A rich bread like raisin bread, it is often made into tea sandwiches with cream cheese. Dates and nuts can be added to the cream cheese as well. See also fruit bread.

DIPLOMAT
A diplomat is a small Parisian breakfast bread (actually a pastry). Flaky croissant pastry surrounds creamy custard dotted with raisins. Like a chocolate croissant or a danish, they are considered a bread (viennoiserie) rather than a pastry. As with the financier pastry, Parisian bakers named some of their work after important people. Compare that to the American shoo-fly pie and brown betty!
  Diplomat
Diplomats available from MackenzieLtd.com.

DOUGH
Dough, the base for most bread, is a made by grinding a grain or legume into flour and mixing it with enough water or other liquid to form a paste. Leavening may or may not be added to cause the dough to rise; salt and other seasonings may be added, as well as inclusions—herbs, fruits and nuts, for example.

DOSA
An Southern Indian flatbread, similar to a crêpe, made with a variety of fillings. Typically, it dipped in sambar, a spiced lentil dipping sauce, and one or more chutneys. The classic masala dosa is filled with spiced potatoes, onions and cashews.
  Masala Dosa
A masala dosa from Shiv Caterers in New Delhi, India.

EASTER BREAD

Bread is a metaphor for the resurrection of Christ, and several cultures have a celebratory Easter bread—often a rich, sweet yeast style baked with eggs, fruits and nuts. Examples include English hot cross buns, Italian colomba di Pasqua baked in the shape of a dove, Greek tsoureki, plaited with nestled red Easter eggs (symbolic of the blood of Jesus), and Russian kulich, a cake-like yeast loaf filled with candied fruit and often iced.

  Ukranian Easter Bread
A festive Ukrainian holiday bread. Photo © Fotosergio | Dreamstime.

EGG BREAD and EGG WASH
When mixed into a recipe, eggs provide added leavening, yellow color, softness and richness to sweet breads and other recipes, such as brioche and challah. When mixed with water or milk and brushed on the outside of a bread prior to baking, an egg wash gives a glossy sheen and deeper color to the bread.

EMPANADA
Bread (pastry dough) stuffed with a filling, then fried or baked. The name comes from the Spanish verb empanar, meaning to wrap or coat in bread. Spanish empanadas are usually pie-shaped, made with a broad variety of fillings (including pork, sausage, cod and sardines) and served in wedges; Latin American empanadas are typically made in individual, half moon-shaped portions and filled with minced, seasoned meat. Some Mexican restaurants serve dessert empanadas as well, and “gourmet” empanadas are interpreted by fine chefs.

  Empanada
Latin American-style empanada. Photo by Stu Spivack | Wikimedia.

ENGLISH MUFFIN
A fork-split yeast roll related to the crumpet, popular as a breakfast bread and as the base for dishes such as Eggs Benedict. English muffins were originally made by cooking dough in a circular form on a griddle. Read the history of the English muffin and a review of our favorite English muffins, Wolferman’s, a NIBBLE Top Pick Of The Week (photo at right).

ÉPI
A French wheat bread shaped to resemble a sheaf of wheat. To those who don’t know what wheat looks like, it may look like a tree.

  English Muffins
Wolferman’s English Muffins. Photo courtesy Wolferman’s.

EZEKIEL 4:9 BREAD
Ezekiel 4:9 Bread is a trademarked name for a healthy bread made from a combination of barley, beans, lentils, millet, spelt and wheat. The recipe comes from Ezekiel 4:9 in the Old Testament, specifically: “Take also unto thee wheat, and barley, and beans, and lentils, and millet, and spelt, and put them in one vessel, and make bread of it....” Rich in protein, vitamins, minerals, amino acids and natural fiber with no added fat, it is very flavorful and enjoyed by people who pursue a healthy diet. Ezekiel bread is exceptionally nutritious: When the six grains and legumes are sprouted and combined, a complete protein is created that closely parallels the high quality protein found in milk and eggs. In fact, it is 84.3% as efficient as the highest-recognized source of protein. See also Genesis 1:29 bread. And read our review of Food For Life’s Ezekiel bread, a NIBBLE Top Pick Of The Week.

 
Whole grain, sprouted Ezekiel 4:9 bread. Photo by Elvira Kalviste | THE NIBBLE.

FICELLE
A long, slender French loaf, thinner than a baguette (one to two inches wide). The word is French for “string.”

FLATBREAD
Flatbreads are the simplest breads, requiring no leavening, although some are leavened (made with a chemical agent that adds gas to the dough to produce a lighter, airier, more easily chewed bread). They can be extremely thin, like a tortilla, one millimeter or so in thickness, to a few centimeters thick, like focaccia. Examples include the arepa (South America), chapati (India), injera (Ethiopia), jonnycake (U.S.), lavash (Persia), matzoh (Israel), naan (India), oatcake (Scotland), pita (Middle East), pizza (Italy), roti (India), tortilla (Mexico) and sangak (Persia). Some other breads called flatbreads are not completely flat, but use yeast and are partially risen, such as focaccia (Italy).
  Flatbread
Flatbread made from Canterbury Naturals flatbread mix. Photo by Hannah Kaminsky | THE NIBBLE.

FLÛTE
A flûte is a long loaf, thicker than a baguette. In the United States, it is also called a parisienne. See photo below.

FOCACCIA
A rich, thick Italian snack bread. Olive oil is brushed over the dough prior to baking, to retain moisture. While it uses yeast to rise, it is not kneaded and is a relatively flat bread, often an inch or so in height. Focaccia is served with meals, used as a base for pizza and as sandwich bread. A basic focaccia is simple, sprinkled with salt; it can be topped with fresh herbs and ingredients as elaborate as any pizza, including sauteed onions and mushrooms, diced tomatoes, prosciutto, cheese or anything that appeals to the maker. The word is derived from the Latin focus, fireplace.
 


Focaccia with beautiful heirloom cherry tomatoes. Photo courtesy HotBreadOven.org.

FOUGASSE
A raised flatbread from southern France. The recipe and flavor are similar to focaccia, but the top is styled with elongated slashes, which create a shape of an evergreen tree.

 

FRENCH BREAD
French bread is a term that applies to a variety of different-shaped loaves that have a crusty exterior and a chewy crumb. French bread is typically made from wheat flour, water, yeast and salt. Some of the shapes include baguette, bâton, boule, ficelle and flûte. In the photo at right on the top shelf, slender ficelles appear to the left of large batards. On the lower shelf, smaller bâtons can be seen next to a basket filled with baguettes.

  French BreadFrench bread: bâtard at top and flûte below. Photo by Lalito | CSP.
FRENCH TOAST
Slices of bread are dipped in a mixture of beaten eggs and milk, and pan-fried in butter. It is a popular main dish at breakfast, garnished with confectioner’s sugar, syrup, jam and/or fresh fruit. Sweeter, light breads, such as brioche, challah and white bread make the best French toast.

  French ToastNot your grandmother’s French toast: Here, slices of French bread are cut with deep pockets. After the toast is fried, the pockets are stuffed with fresh berries and served with a fruit yogurt sauce. Photo courtesy DairyInfo.com.

FRUIT BREAD
A fruit bread is a cake-like quick bread (a non-rising bread typically made in a loaf pan) that contains bits of dried fruit (such as cranberry bread or raisin bread) or else blends the fruit into the dough (as with banana bread and pumpkin bread). Read our review of fruit breads from the St. Lucia Bread Company.

 

Continue To Page 5: Terms From G To L

Go To Glossary Index Above

  Cranberry bread. Photo courtesy BellaBaker.com.

 

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