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Mashed Potatoes
How many different ways can you garnish mashed potatoes? Photo courtesy Idaho Potato Commission.
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ABOUT THE AUTHOR

MALLIKA RAO is an intern at THE NIBBLE.

 

November 2010

Product Reviews / Main Nibbles / Vegetables

Potato Varieties

Page 6: Potato Types & Dishes K To N

 

This is Page 6 of a seven-page article. Click on the black links below to view the other pages. See our many other delicious food glossaries.

Article Index: Potato Glossary:

 

This glossary is protected by copyright and cannot be reproduced in whole or in part without written permission.

 

KENNEBEC POTATO
A late maturing (spring) white potato with good potato flavor, this variety is excellent one for fries and chips, baked and boiled potatoes, mashed potatoes and hash browns. The skin is thin so it peels quickly, and has a better texture than many floury potatoes. It grows in regular oval shapes and has shallow eyes, so is more attractive than some floury potatoes. Farmers like it too, since it’s high yield and blight-resistant.

 
Kennebec potatoes. Photo courtesy Gurneys.org.

KERR’S PINK POTATO
Round, with light pink skin, red eyes and creamy white flesh, Kerr’s pink potatoes were developed in Scotland in 1907. They were introduced to Ireland in 1917. They are all-purpose potatoes: great for boiling, baking, roasting, and have lots of flavor. Kerr’s are known as Irish potatoes, because they account for 25% of Irish potato cultivation.

 

LATE-MATURING POTATO

A variety that matures in the spring.

 

  Kerr's Pink Potatoes
Kerr’s Pink Potatoes. Photo courtesy SeedSavers.org.

LARATTE or PRINCESS LARATTE
POTATO

Laratte potatoes area type of fingerling potato, small and creamy with golden flesh. They were introduced to America from France, and were traditionally used by French restaurants.

LATKE or POTATO PANCAKE
Latkes are Jewish potato pancakes, made from grated potato, flour and egg and pan-fried in butter or oil. They are traditionally eaten on Hanukkah, and are typically served with a side of applesauce or sour cream. Recipe for potato latkes.

 

LONG WHITE POTATO
Long White potatoes are oval-shaped, with a medium amount of starch. They are round with a creamy texture. An all-purpose potato, their shape holds well when cooked, making them an excellent choice for potato salad.

  Potato Latke
Potato latkes. Photo by Kelly Cline | IST.

MASHED POTATO
Mashed potatoes are made by peeling and boiling potatoes—usually the floury variety, Idaho or Russet—and adding butter, milk or cream for smoothness. Some people leave the skin on to retain the most nutrition. In the U.S., fancy mashed potatoes are often seasoned with herbs such as basil, garlic, rosemary, truffle and wasabi—infused oil can be used to add the flavor. Mashed potatoes are eaten around the world, and are a popular comfort food. They can also be used in cooking other dishes, such as potato croquettes or gnocchi. The best kind of potato for mashing depends on your preference; some people prefer them smooth and creamy, while others prefer them lumpy, with more texture.

 
Mashed potatoes. Photo © Idaho Potato Commission.

These have more starch and lower moisture, and have a mealy texture, which results in fluffy mashed potatoes. There are also instant mashed potatoes, but they don’t hold a candle to the real thing.

 

NEW POTATO
New potatoes are immature potatoes harvested in the spring and early summer. Their skin is thinner and more delicate than mature potatoes, and they are very easy to peel. These are creamy, low in starch and high in moisture and low in starch (they haven’t had the time to convert their sugar into starch). New potatoes have a shorter shelf life than mature potatoes and must be used up quickly. “True news” potatoes, available at farmer’s markets, are freshly dug immature potatoes with uncured skins.

 

Continue To Page 7: Potato Glossary O To Z

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