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A juicy prime ribeye steak, available from Allen Brothers.
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June 2005
Last Updated September 2012

Product Reviews / Main Nibbles / Beef

Retail Cuts Of Beef


Beef Glossary Page 6:  Beef Cuts Beginning With
Q & R

 

Retail cuts of beef: When looking up cuts of meat, it’s helpful to refer to the beef cut diagram, courtesy of the National Cattleman’s Beef Association. If you enjoy this Beef Glossary, we have a food glossary for almost every category of food.

Beef Cuts
Click on a letter to go to the appropriate glossary page.

a  b  c  d  e  f  g  h  i  j  k  l  m  n  o  p  q  r  s  t  u  v  w  x  y  z

 

This glossary is protected by copyright and cannot be reproduced in whole or part.
You are welcome to link to it.

 

QUALITY GRADING

Quality grades help predict the expected palatability of beef. The grade is based primarily on two factors: the amount of marbling in the rib eye muscle and the age of the animal. These can be adjusted for other factors such as the color of the lean beef. The USDA Quality Grades are: Prime, Choice, Select, Standard, Commercial, Utility, Cutter and Canner. Each grade denotes a specific level of quality that is determined by the USDA Grading Service.

RED MEAT

Red meats include beef, lamb, pork and veal.

RIB CUTS

Cuts from the rib portion of the cow are a great combination of both flavor and tenderness. They are an excellent choice for grilling and broiling. The steaks that come from the rib are rib steak and rib eye (see below). Other cuts from the rib includebaby back ribs, rib roasts and short ribs. The rib steak is a rich and juicy steak cut from the rib section of the steer, and it contains a section of the rib bone. It has a generous amount of fat, and frequently has more marbling than a top loin, which provides the excellent flavor. The rib eye steak was tradionally the boneless version of the rib steak, but today’s terminology calls them both rib eye, with the clarification of bone in or bone out/boneless.

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RIB-EYE or RIBEYE STEAK

Also known as the beauty steak, c ôte de boeuf (with bone in), cowboy steak (with bone in), Delmonico and Spencer steak, this flavorful, cut of prime rib (i.e., a boneless rib steak) is a favorite of steak lovers. Due to its rich marbling of fat, it is one of the most flavorful and juicy of steaks. It is also only a little less tender than the tenderloin, while adding a lot more flavorful because of the rich marbling. Ordering with the bone in makes it more succulent. In its uncut form, the rib eye is known as the rib roast (prime rib). See also rib cuts.

 

RIB-EYE CAP

The tastiest and tenderest portion of the rib-eye, this is the well-marbled, crescent-shaped outer rim of the rib eye (in the photo, on the left side of the steaks). It’s a rib-eye lover’s favorite part of the steak.

  Rib Eye Steak
Rib-eye steaks, shown bone in and bone out. The cap is the cresent-shaped outer rim. Photo courtesy of Morton’s The Steakhouse.

RIB ROAST

A beef roast from the rib section between the chuck and the short loin. The three most popular styles are standing rib roast, rolled rib roast and rib-eye roast. The standing rib roast usually includes at least three ribs (less than that is really just a very thick steak). It's roasted standing upright, resting on its rack of ribs, thereby allowing the top layer of fat to melt and self-baste the meat. A rolled rib roast has had the bones removed before being rolled and tied into a cylinder. The boneless rib-eye roast is the center, most desirable and tender portion, and most expensive portion of the rib section. A prime rib roast is the finest quality rib roast, USDA Prime, available only from top butchers.

RIB STEAK

A rib-eye steak with the bone-in.

ROAST

A multi-pound piece of meat, generally cooked via radiant heat in an oven and sliced into multiple portions. Before modern ovens, roasts were cooked on a spit over a fire. Roasts are cut from almost every area along the top of the steer: chuck roast, rib roast, chateaubriand (from the short loin), sirloin tip roast, top round roast, eye of the round roast and rump roast (round). Roasts are best served medium rare to medium (the internal temperature on a meat thermometer should be 150°F to 155°F at serving time). Always take a roast out of the oven when it is at least 10 degrees below serving temperature and let it rest for 10 to 15 minutes before carving.

  Prime Rib
A prime rib roast, available from Allen Brothers.

ROUND

The round is the hind section of the beef. Since the rear of the animal has been toughened by exercise, the round is less tender than the rib, short loin and sirloin cuts. However, many steak lovers feel that it offers the best combination of texture and flavor. Cuts from the round include bottom round, cube steak, eye of the round, top round, round tip and rump steak.

  • The top round, on the inside of the thigh, is the most tender because the muscles are used least. It is not as tender as cuts from the loin or sirloin, but it is very flavorful.
  • The bottom round comes from outside thigh. It is usually cut into cube steaks or a bottom round roast.
  • The boneless round tip is also called sirloin tip and top sirloin (although it is not part of the sirloin and has a flavor and chewiness similar to bottom round), triangle and loin tip.
  • The eye of the round is very flavorful but it is the least tender cut; many people will mistakenly purchase it as tender meat because it looks like the tenderloin. (See photo below right.)
  Top Round Roast
Top round roast. Photo courtesy GlacierBeef.com.
  • The round steak includes all four of these muscles. Cut from the top of the leg, the hind shank and the rump, it is a lean cut and is moderately tough. It lacks fat and marbling, so it requires slow, moist cooking methods in order to tenderize the meat.
  • Rump steak and cube steak come from the more chewy portion of the round. Cube steak tends to be so chewy; it is run through a machine that partially dices the fibrous muscle to make it a little more tender.
  • The heel of the round, the meat near the bottom of the round, is the toughest cut and is generally used for ground meat, i.e., ground round.
  Eye of Round Roast
Eye of round roast. Photo courtesy GlacierBeef.com.

 

RUMP ROAST

The rump is a flavorful, triangular cut of meat taken from the upper part of the round. It is generally cut, boned and rolled into two or three rump roasts that. When the bone is left in, the cut is referred to as a standing rump roast.

 

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© Copyright 2005- 2014 Lifestyle Direct, Inc. Some definitions were provided by the Cattlemen's Beef Board  and are © Copyright 2005 Cattlemen’s Beef Board. All rights reserved. Images are the copyright of their respective owners.

 



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