Crepe GateauCrêpes can be used for more than pancake-type foods, as shown here in this Spinach Gruyere Crêpe Gâteau from



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September 2005

Last Updated January 2024

Product Reviews / Main Nibbles / Cereals, Pancakes & Waffles

Pancake Types: Pancakes & Waffles Glossary

Page 2: Terms Beginning With C To F


This is Page 2 of a six-page glossary of pancake types and waffle types. If you’d like to suggest additional words for inclusion, use the Contact Us link on this page. Learn more about your other favorite foods in our many other food glossaries, including a Sugar & Syrup Glossary.

Click on a letter to go to the appropriate glossary section.

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Cachapas are made of maize in the form of masa, finely ground corn. They are made when fresh corn is ground and then mixed into a batter of the consistency of pancakes, yet slightly thicker and lumpier. The batter is then cooked like a pancake.

Cachapas are served with many toppings, but traditionally with butter or margarine and white cheese (queso blanco—photo at right).


Cachapa. Here’s a recipe from Global Table Adventure.

Flour ground from dried maize. Steel-ground yellow cornmeal, common in the United States, has the husk and germ of the maize kernel almost completely removed. It is conserved almost indefinitely if stored in an airtight container in a cool dry place. Stone-ground cornmeal retains some of the hull and germ, lending a little more flavor and nutrition to recipes. It is more perishable but will store longer if refrigerated. White cornmeal (mealie meal) is more traditional in Africa. It is also popular in the Southern United States for making cornbread.

Yellow or blue cornmeal can also be ground to a finer consistency and sold as gluten-free flour that is used to make cornbread, muffins, pancakes, polenta, and tortillas. It has a sweet taste and is an excellent substitute for traditional wheat flour for making various breads and cakes.  We also enjoy it in Indian pudding.

  Blue Cornmeal
Blue corn meal, milled from Indian blue corn, can be used instead of regular white or yellow corn meal in most recipes (photo © Anson Mills).

Blue cornmeal is made from the rarer blue corn or by adding blue food coloring to the cheaper yellow cornmeal.

A sauce made from puréed fruit or vegetables (strawberries, raspberries, and tomatoes are most commonly used). A coulis (pronounced coo-LEE) is often served over breakfast items, such as pancakes, crêpes, and waffles or pancakes, or dessert items, such as ice cream, cheesecake, and soufflés.


A Welsh pancake made with buttermilk.


A thin pancake made from flour, eggs, milk, butter, and salt.  Crêpes are usually of two types: sweet crêpes made with wheat flour, and savory galettes, made with buckwheat flour. Crêpes originated from Brittany, a region in the west of France, where they are called krampouezh; their consumption is nowadays widespread in France. In Brittany, crêpes are traditionally served with apple cider. In areas of Central Europe, the dish is called palacinka (Czech and Croatian), palatschinka (Austrian German), palacsinta (Hungarian), etc. Though crêpes are now considered elegant fare, they were originally an inexpensive meal for the poor. See Crêpes Suzette, below, plus the history of crêpes and a DIY crêpe bar.


  Asparagus Crepes
If you don’t want to make crêpes from scratch, you can buy a mix. (photo © California Asparagus Commission [no longer active]).

A flat, filled crêpe. The traditional batter is made of eggs, flour, sugar, and milk. It can be served plain, or filled with a sweet filling. A savory version is a buckwheat crêpe filled eggs with ham, or a vegetable filling.

  Crepe Bretonne
Crêpe Bretonne Here’s the recipe (photo © Cooking With Elo).

A French dessert dish consisting of sweet crêpes and a sauce of butter, sugar, orange juice, orange zest, and an orange liqueur, such as Grand Marnier. The dish is typically ignited tableside and, thanks to the flame-inducing liqueur, makes for a dramatic presentation. In 1895, Henri Carpentier, Mâitre d’Hotel at the Café de Paris in Monte-Carlo, raised the common crêpe to haute cuisine when he prepared a special recipe at tableside for the Suzette was a mistress of the Prince Of Wales, the future King Edward VII, eldest son of Queen Victoria. Carpentier flambéed crêpes in a sauce consisting of orange juice, grated orange peel, and orange liqueur. The Prince named them after his lady friend, Suzette (we wonder if his wife, Princess-then-Queen Alexandra, ever ate them). While made for a Brit, crêpes Suzette is a classic French dessert.


  Crepes Suzette
Crêpes Suzette. Photo courtesy Betty Crocker. Get the recipe.



Crespelle is the Italian word for crêpes.



A traditional food from India that’s a type of flatbread or pancake. Dosas are made from a batter of rice and lentil flour plus oil or ghee, cooked on a griddle until both sides are browned, then neatly folded. Some dosas are filled with other ingredients such as fruit or meat.


Masala dosa is stuffed with mashed potatoes lightly cooked with fried onions and spices. If the onions are mixed into the batter, it becomes an onion dosa. Dosas can also be made from all-purpose flour.


Want to make Dosai at home? Here’s a recipe from Revi’s Foodography.


A Dutch baby pancake is a cross between a conventional pancake and a popover—the latter in that it’s similar to a large Yorkshire pudding. Other names include Bismarck, Dutch puff, German pancake, Hooligan, and Hootenanny. Unlike other types of pancakes, Dutch babies are baked in the oven instead of fried on the stove. They also don’t contain leaving ingredients, such as baking powder or baking soda. 

Despite its name, the Dutch baby is technically an American invention — though it is derived from a traditional German recipe. Here’s the recipe in this photo and the history of the Dutch baby pancake.


  Dutch Baby Pancake
Doesn’t this Dutch baby look delicious? Here’s the recipe (photo © Donal Skehan).


A thin, crisp, pizza-like pancake made by stirring chickpea flour into a mixture of water and olive oil to form a loose batter, and baking it in the oven. As such, it isn’t a traditional pancake, which is cooked on a grill over a flame (or on an electric grill). It is called a pancake because of its flat shape. Farinata may be seasoned with fresh rosemary, pepper, and sea salt. Like pizza, it may also be topped with onions, sausages, and similar ingredients. A specialty of the Liguria region of Italy, farinata means “floured.” Regionally, it has different names: On the Tuscan coast it is called cecìna (ceci are chickpeas); in Livorno, torta di ceci (chickpea pie); in Genoa, panissa.



Another word for pancake. The origin of the term is thought to have originated from the 17th-century word “flap,” which meant a flat, unleavened cake. Over time, “flapjack” came to refer to pancakes.



A popular breakfast dish made by dipping bread slices in an egg-based mixture, which can include various other ingredients such as milk, vanilla, cinnamon, allspice, and nutmeg.


The dipped bread is then cooked in butter on a skillet until golden brown. French toast is often spread with butter and served with syrup, powdered sugar, or fruit toppings.



Continue To Page 3: Terms Beginning With G To L

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  French Toast
French toast. Photo courtesy



Some information in this glossary is courtesy of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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